Context –The Union cabinet has made the manufacture, import, sale, distribution and advertisements of e-cigarettes a cognizable offence.
The Prohibition of E-cigarettes Ordinance, 2019: Upon promulgation of the ordinance, any production, manufacturing, import, export, transport, sale (including online sale), distribution or advertisement (including online advertisement) of ecigarettes shall be a cognisable offence imprisonment of up to one year, or fine up to rupee 1 lakh, or both for the first offence; and imprisonment of up to three years and fine up to rupee 5 lakh for a subsequent offence. Storage of electronic-cigarettes shall also be punishable with imprisonment of up to 6 months or a fine of up to rupee 50,000 or both. Owners of existing stocks of e-cigarettes on the date of commencement of the ordinance will have to suo motu declare and deposit these with the nearest police station. The sub-inspector has been designated as the authorized officer to take action under the ordinance. The Central or State governments may also designate any other equivalent officer(s) as authorized officer for enforcement of the provisions of the ordinance.
What is E-Cigarette ? E-cigarettes are battery-operated devices that produce aerosol by heating a solution containing nicotine, which is the addictive substance in combustible cigarettes
Why has it been banned? Chemicals used in e-cigarettes as solvents are hazardous and could be fatal. E-cigarettes and similar technologies that encourage tobacco are hazardous for an active as well as passive user. Pure nicotine, the main ingredient of ecigarettes, and its chemical derivatives in extracted chemical form are highly addictive and poisonous and have a potential to cause death even in small quantities. E-cigarette sales have risen 77% because of consumption by students. Vaping increases the risk of children getting addicted to this tobacco substitute. Use of e-cigarettes could have adverse effects on humans, which include DNA damage, carcinogenic, cellular, molecular and immunological toxicity, respiratory, cardiovascular and neurological disorders, and adverse impact on foetal development and pregnancy.
Previous measures –The Union Health Ministry had earlier issued an advisory to all States and Union Territories to ensure that Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS), e-cigarettes, heat-not-burn devices, vape, e-shisha, e-nicotine flavored hookah, and devices that enable nicotine delivery are not sold (including online sale), manufactured, distributed, traded, imported and advertised in their jurisdictions.